SDG 12
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Achieving economic growth and sustainable development requires that we urgently reduce our ecological footprint by changing the way we produce and consume goods and resources. Agriculture is the biggest user of water worldwide, and irrigation now claims close to 70 percent of all freshwater for human use.

The efficient management of our shared natural resources, and the way we dispose of toxic waste and pollutants, are important targets to achieve this goal. Encouraging industries, businesses and consumers to recycle and reduce waste is equally important, as is supporting developing countries to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption by 2030.

The Arab region hosts one of the most ecologically fragile and water scarce environments, pressures on carrying capacity are of particular importance in sustaining poverty reduction efforts and recovering from conflict. The population of the region has nearly tripled since 1970, climbing from 128 million to 359 million, with a population of 598 million expected by 2050, increasing by two-thirds over 2010 levels. As a result, many countries in the region have seen expanding ecological footprints and decreased carrying capacities. The continued rise of conflicts has exacerbated this challenge, increasing the fragility of natural assets and generating a need for ecological restoration.

A large share of the world population is still consuming far too little to meet even their basic needs. Halving the per capita of global food waste at the retailer and consumer levels is also important for creating more efficient production and supply chains. This can help with food security, and shift us towards a more resource efficient economy.

In 2014, natural gas production accounted for 5.7 trillion cubic feet. Consumption of hydrocarbon products is continuously increasing with population growth and economic activity. Natural gas consumption almost doubled over the last years, increasing from 6.3 trillion cubic feet in 2000 to 13.2 trillion cubic feet in 2014

Goals in action

UNDP Syria

Reviving Tomato Farming

Syria is considered to be one of top producers of Tomatoes in the world. Sitting at the 19th place right after Tunisia and before Portugal, Syria was producing up to 1,163,300 tons in 2008 per year and up keeping livelihoods of thousands of farmers across the country. MORE >

UNDP Sudan

Honey for peace in Darfur

South Darfur is known as a troubled region beset by years of endemic conflict, poverty, destruction of natural resources, and deterioration of livelihoods. However, the land is also a dynamic region that defies its popular conception as intractably and inevitably conflict-ridden. MORE >

UNDP Yemen

Harvesting fog in western Yemen

“God has given us the fog to quench our thirst,” says Am Ali, mother of six, who lives in Manakha, Yemen. MORE >

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