Sep 2, 2014
Named ‘Āsṣī (which means rebel in Arabic) because unlike other rivers in the region, it runs from south to north, the Orontes river flows through Lebanon, Syria and Turkey. The historical significance of this river is inordinate. The Orontes witnessed the Battle of Kadesh during the reign of Ramesses II (1279–1213 BC) and the Battle of Qarqar which was fought in 853 BC, when the army of Assyria, led by king Shalmaneser III, encountered an allied army of 12 kings led by Hadadezer of Damascus. Most importantly, the Orantes is home to 17 Norias (water wheels) which date back to the Byzantine era and renowned heritage sites.