The United Nations Development Programme – Syria Country Office commissioned this evaluation in order to appraise its Resilience Building and Early Recovery Programme and provide actionable recommendations to inform the agency’s Country Programme. The Country Programme consists of the following intended outcomes:
Outcome 1: Households and communities benefit from sustainable livelihood opportunities, including economic recovery and social inclusion.
Outcome 2: Basic social services and infrastructure restored, improved and sustained to enhance community resilience in Syria.
This evaluation report covers Outcome 1. A separate evaluation of Outcome 2 was also conducted and may be read in parallel to provide a complete appraisal of UNDP’s Country Programme. Accordingly, this report employs the Organisation for Economic CoCoperation and Development's Development Assistance Committee criteria to evaluate the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, coherence, sustainability and partnerships of Outcome 1.
As the emerging needs of the Syrian people in 2017 continued to call for more response from all humanitarian actors, UNDP spared no effort in increasing the resilience of Syrian communities through livelihoods support, rehabilitation of community infrastructure and social inclusion, as well as economic recovery through supporting small businesses and creating employment opportunities.
As the crisis in Syria continues in its seventh year, the humanitarian community estimates that 13.5 million people in Syria are in need for various kinds of humanitarian assistance. Four out of five Syrians live in poverty and 64.7 per cent of the population live in extreme poverty.
A deep economic recession, heavily weakened national currency, sanctions, soaring food and fuel prices, and disrupted markets have contributed to extreme vulnerability of Syrians across the country. 6.5 million people are internally displaced due to the conflict. The pace of displacement remains relentless.
UNDP Syria, in partnership with other UN and humanitarian agencies, will continue to scale up its early recovery interventions to reach areas where people are most affected and in need of help. The crisis has exacerbated pre-existing levels of poverty and unemployment. To address this, UNDP has put in place a two-year country programme (2016-17) that is fully oriented toward mitigating internal and external displacement through strengthening the resilience of the most affected populations inside the country.
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